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What is Hard Water?

If you live in Utah, you have probably heard the term “hard water”.  This refers to water containing small amounts minerals such as calcium, magnesium, etc.  When this water passes through your pipes, faucets and fixtures, it leaves behind these harder minerals which create the white build-up on the spout of your faucets.  Hard water is measured in grains per gallon (gpg).  Anything more than 7 grains per gallon is considered very hard.  Most of the Wasatch front has hardness levels between 12 and 18 gpg.

Hard water can reduce the life of your faucets, fixtures, appliances (dishwasher and washing machine) and especially your water heater!  Also, hard water makes it much more difficult to get your dishes and clothes clean because of the mineral deposits which combine with soaps and detergents.

What’s worse, hard water is hard on your skin.  Many people suffer from dry, itchy skin as a result of hard water, and some with sensitive skin will have serious skin irritation and rashes.


What is Soft Water?

The best solution for hard water is to soften it.  A water softener is used to remove the hard water minerals and replace them with a softer mineral – salt.  Salt is essential to human life, and is much easier on our bodies and skin.  It is also easier on plumbing systems, fixtures and appliances.

A water softener has two tanks, one with resin inside of it and another with salt called the brine tank.  The resin holds onto minerals, and its attraction to hard minerals is stronger than its attraction to salt, so as the water passes through the resin, it exchanges the hard water mineral for the salt.  Eventually, the resin will be filled with hard minerals, and will stop softening unless it regenerates.  During the regeneration process, the softener flushes out the hard minerals, and brings in the salt from the brine tank so it can continuously soften for years and years.

All of the models offered by Jerry’s Plumbing Repair in Utah come with highly efficient electronic valves that monitor the flow of water through the softener and only regenerate when necessary.  Older softeners regenerate based on a rotating clock, and often do so more than necessary wasting water and salt.

A typical resin will last 7 to 10 years, depending on the water passing through it.  The quality water softeners we have to offer come with up to a 25 year warranty on the resin!


Need Water Softener Salt?

You can find water softener salt at your local home improvement store, like Lowes or Home Depot.  If you’re looking for local delivery service Pass the Salt will deliver water softener salt to your home.  Not sure what kind of water softener salt to get? Please give us a call.

Looking for water softener reviews?  Visit consumerreports.org to learn more about your options or call us today and we can help you select a quality water softener that will meet your needs.